Conflict Sensitive Resource and Asset Management
Since 2011, the ‘Conflict Sensitive Resource and Asset Management’ (COSERAM) Program supports an integrated approach of poverty reduction and peace building in the region of Caraga and other conflict-affected areas in the Philippines. The COSERAM Program is a joint undertaking of the Philippine and German Governments, implemented by GIZ, the KfW (German Development Bank) and the local partners.
The Philippines, especially Mindanao, are marked by political and social unrest, often manifested through armed violence. Conflict-affected areas possess a wealth of natural resources, including rich mineral deposits, extensive water and wood resources, and high biodiversity. Different interests in land and resource use, monopolistic land ownership, and poor governance contribute to resource exploitation, posing a major challenge to inclusive development. Thus, the marginalized population – women, young men, Indigenous Peoples – is often unable or has minimal access to benefits from the existing natural resources and public services.
GIZ provides advisory services and technical assistance to mandated bodies in order for them to address land use and land rights conflicts in a peaceful and sustainable manner, while supporting marginalized people to lawfully access natural resources. To reach its target groups, COSERAM promotes multi-stakeholder processes at all levels, dialogue between parties with differing interests and assists them to reach agreements. A participatory peace and conflict assessment was conducted for Caraga, the initial implementation region, and will be done for other areas, facilitating the program’s planning and steering.
During the 1st 4 years, GIZ, in cooperation with its partners, enhanced mandated government processes to peacefully address violent conflicts. These improvements have either been integrated into national policies or documented in guides for replication. In its 2nd phase, COSERAM will continue scaling-up the innovations, and replicate them through partners.
The program seeks to introduce and strengthen governance that provides sustainable access to natural resources for the marginalized population and reduce violent conflicts in Caraga and other conflict-affected areas.
The advisory services and technical assistance is categorized into five (5) core processes, with each one uniquely catering to a specific area of need; particularly:
- Peacebuilding Needs in Development Planning
- Conflict-Sensitive Land Use Planning and Management
- Titling and Natural Resource Management in Ancestral Domains
- Access to Legal and Paralegal Services and Rights Awareness
- Overlapping Protected Area and Ancestral Domains
Published on November 11, 2015