Peace Building and Development Needs
Since 2011, the Conflict Sensitive Resource and Asset Management (COSERAM) Program supports an integrated approach of poverty reduction and peacebuilding in the region of Caraga and other conflict-affected areas in the Philippines. The COSERAM Program is a joint undertaking of the Philippine and German Governments, implemented by GIZ and partner agencies. The core process on Peacebuilding and Development Needs (PBDN) brings together conflict sensitive development planning and peacebuilding approaches. By strengthening government agencies, multi-stakeholder bodies, non-state institutions and civil society, the core process focuses on capacity building of multi-stakeholder bodies to address root causes of conflicts in a peaceful and sustainable manner.
Caraga, with 2.6 million inhabitants, is rich in natural resources and yet, one of the poorest regions in the Philippines. Decades of conflict between armed groups and government forces as well as conflicts over access to natural resources and land have significantly hampered development in Caraga. Especially, marginalized groups, i.e. Indigenous Peoples (IPs), women and youth, remain locked in a cycle of poverty. Deforestation, excessive and environmentally harmful mining activities, and large scale monoculture of cash crops worsen the situation for the local population, and threaten their livelihoods.
The Philippine government faces diverse challenges, including disaster risk management, climate change, and conflict resolution. So far, government interventions do not result in the envisioned results of reducing conflicts and crime, of fostering inclusive economic growth alongside environment protection, and of ensuring protection of human rights.
Recognizing the need for a more inclusive, sustainable and peaceful development, the PBDN core process supports existing multi-stakeholder platforms, such as the Peace and Order Councils (POCs) and other convergence mechanisms, to develop joint peacebuilding approaches. Emphasis is put on promoting peacebuilding and development needs in a local context. Based on thorough situational analyses, contextualized peace agenda are formulated and implemented on regional and provincial levels. This process includes the facilitation of spaces for inter-regional and multi-stakeholder dialogues as well as targeted capacity building measures.
The PBDN core process highlights the inter-connectivity and complex nature of conflicts which require coordination among a variety of stakeholders, both horizontally (e.g. between POCs and development councils) and vertically (between national, regional, provincial, and city or municipal level). Therefore, the mainstreaming of peacebuilding and conflict-transformative approaches is facilitated on national level through technical and policy advice. Exchange between national policy-making partners and regional experiences is facilitated in order to upscale and replicate good practices and learnings on conflict sensitive planning and peacebuilding.
The support to the Caraga Roadmap for Peace (which provides peace and conflict orientation for the peace and development initiatives in the region) will be sustained in Region 13, while the Regional Peace and Order Council in Region 10 will be supported in developing a tailor-made peace agenda that addresses peace challenges in the region. Additionally, technical support will be provided to the formulation and roll-out of Peace and Order and Public Safety (POPS) Plans with selected partners, in order to align such plans with the regional and/ or provincial peace agendas by addressing identified peacebuilding and development needs.
- Paradigm shift among stakeholders (esp. POCs) from confrontation to collaboration, and from individual to harmonized and convergent peacebuilding approaches.
- Increased participation of IPs, civil society and private sector in government bodies and platforms for a more inclusive, peaceful, and sustainable development in the target regions.
- Stakeholders on different levels are capacitated in the use and application of participatory approaches for conflict transformation in order to prevent escalation of conflicts.
- More aligned planning instruments (e.g. comprehensive development plans, POPS Plans, regional development plans, etc.) will address identified context-based peacebuilding and development needs.
- Strengthened capacities of government and non-state partners to analyze, understand, and address root causes of conflicts, therefore contributing to more peaceful and sustainable development.
Lead Executing Partners:
Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
Other drivers of the Process:
All government agencies that are members of the Regional Peace and Order Council (RPOC) including the civil society organizations (CSOs) represented by Caraga Council for Peace and Development (CCPD)
Marginalized population especially the Indigenous Peoples
January 2011-December 2018